Frequent question: What is the working of an electric motor

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.

What is the working principle of an electric motor?

The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.

What is the working of electric motor Class 10?

Principle of Electric Motor

The principle of the electric motor is based on the fact that a current carrying conductor produces a magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor placed perpendicular to magnetic field experiences a force.

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What is the working principle of an electric motor explain the function of three parts of an electric motor?

It supplies power to the motor armature or field coils. Commutator: It is the rotating interface of the armature coil with a stationary circuit. Field Magnet: The magnetic field helps to produce a torque on the rotating armature coil by virtue of Fleming’s left-hand rule.

What is the construction of electric motor?

The electric motor construction can be done using the rotor, bearings, stator, air gap, windings, commutator, etc. The rotor in an electric motor is the moving part, and the main function of this is to rotate the shaft for generating the mechanical power.

What is the working principle of electric motor and generator?

The working principle of a motor is based on the current-carrying conductor that experiences a force when it is kept in the magnetic field. The working principle of generator is based on electromagnetic induction.

What is the role of commutator in electric motor?

The commutator assures that the current from the generator always flows in one direction. … On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.

What is electric motor explain with diagram?

Electric motor: A motor is a device which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Principle of motor : A motor works on the principle that when a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and current is passed through it. A force acts on the coil which rotates it continuously.

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What is electric motor with diagram?

An electric motor works on the principle of magnetic effect of electric current. In an electric motor, a rectangular coil ABCD in placed between two magnets in poles N and S. Now, current is passed through it continuously. When current is passed into the coil, it produces a magnetic field around it.

What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?

These six components include:

  • 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
  • 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
  • 4) The Windings. …
  • 5) The Air Gap. …
  • 6) The Commutator. …
  • What Do All of These Components Have in Common?

13 нояб. 2019 г.

What are the two main components of an electric motor?

The two main components of this kind of motor are the stator (stationary element) and the rotor (rotating element).

What are the four parts of an electric motor?

Motor Components

The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.

What are the three main parts of an electric motor?

Electric motor designs can vary quite a lot, though in general they have three main parts: a rotor, a stator and a commutator.

What are the types of electric motor?

Types of Electric Motors

  • AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. …
  • DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. …
  • DC Brushless Motors. …
  • Direct Drive. …
  • Linear Motors. …
  • Servo Motors. …
  • Stepper Motors.
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9 июн. 2016 г.

What effect of electric current is used in electric motors?

Answer: An electric motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy using the magnetic effect of electricity. In an electric motor, a rectangular coil is suspended between the two poles of a magnetic field.

What are the types of motors?

Types of Electric Motors

  • 1). DC Shunt Motor. …
  • 2). Separately Excited Motor. …
  • 3). DC Series Motor. …
  • 4). PMDC Motor. …
  • 5). DC Compound Motor. …
  • 1). Synchronous Motor. …
  • 2). Induction Motor. …
  • 1). Stepper Motor.
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