How does a Class 10 electric motor work

How an electric motor works step by step?

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.

What is an electric motor Class 10?

Electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy to mechanical energy. Parts of a Electric Motor. Insulated Copper wire: A rectangular coil of wire ABCD.

How does the power of electric motor be enhanced Class 10?

(iii) A soft iron core on which the coil is wound. The combination of soft iron core and coil is an armature. It enhances the power of motor. Thus, commercial electric motors do not use permanent magnet to rotate the armature because permanent magnets are weak and do not produce strong magnetic field in the region.

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What is an electric motor explain with diagram?

Electric motor: A motor is a device which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Principle of motor : A motor works on the principle that when a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and current is passed through it. A force acts on the coil which rotates it continuously.

What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?

These six components include:

  • 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
  • 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
  • 4) The Windings. …
  • 5) The Air Gap. …
  • 6) The Commutator. …
  • What Do All of These Components Have in Common?

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What is Fleming’s left hand rule?

Fleming’s Left-Hand Rule is a simple and accurate way to find the direction of force/motion of the conductor in an electric motor when the magnetic field direction and the current direction are known. It was originally developed by John Ambrose Fleming, an English electrical engineer, in the late 19th century.

What is Ohm’s law class 10?

Ohm’s Law states that the current flowing through a conductor is directly proportional to the potential difference applied across its ends, provided the temperature and other physical conditions remain unchanged. Current is directly proportional to voltage difference through a resistor.

What is the principle of electric generator?

Electric generators work on the principle of electromagnetic induction. A conductor coil (a copper coil tightly wound onto a metal core) is rotated rapidly between the poles of a horseshoe type magnet. The conductor coil along with its core is known as an armature.

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How can the power of an electric motor be increased?

The power of the DC motor increases by increasing the torque developed by the shaft/rotor which in turn depends on the current in direct proportion.

How can we enhance the power of motor?

Here are some ways in which you can improve the performance of your electric motors:

  1. Eliminate Voltage Unbalance. …
  2. Eliminate Voltage Unbalance. …
  3. Connect Motors to Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) to Improve Efficiency. …
  4. Connect Motors to Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) to Improve Efficiency. …
  5. Choose Motors in the Right Size.

How do you make an electric motor stronger?

We can increase the turning force (or torque) that the motor can create in three ways: either we can have a more powerful permanent magnet, or we can increase the electric current flowing through the wire, or we can make the coil so it has many “turns” (loops) of very thin wire instead of one “turn” of thick wire.

Why commutator is used in electric motor?

The commutator assures that the current from the generator always flows in one direction. … On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.

How do you draw an electric motor diagram?

Working of an electric motor

  1. When battery is switched on, current flows through coil AB from A to B, and Magnetic Field is from North to South… …
  2. Similarly, upward force is applied on CD. Thus, the coil rotates with AB moving down and CD moving up.
  3. Now, as the coil rotates, the rings spin with it.
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Why are electric motors important?

Electric motors impact almost every aspect of modern living. Refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, air conditioners, fans, computer hard drives, automatic car windows, and multitudes of other appliances and devices all use electric motors to convert electrical energy into useful mechanical energy.

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