Synchronous motor excitation refers to the DC supply given to rotor which is used to produce the required magnetic flux. … Hence in this case the motor is said to operate under lagging power factor and the is said to be under excited.
When synchronous motor is under excited that means?
Under Excited Synchronous Motor
If the field excitation is such that back EMF Eb is less than the applied voltage V, then the motor is said to be under-excited. An under excited synchronous motor has a lagging power factor.
What happens to synchronous motor if only field is excited?
In a Synchronous Motor, a rotating magnetic field is produced in stator by giving 3 phase AC supply. … If AC excitation is given then alternate North and South Pole is created on rotor field the rotor move half cycle clockwise and half cycle anti clockwise and finally stops to rotate.
What is the effect of increase in excitation of a synchronous motor?
From the above discussion, it is concluded that if the synchronous motor is under-excited, it has a lagging power factor. As the excitation is increased, the power factor improves till it becomes unity at normal excitation. Under such conditions, the current drawn from the supply is minimum.
When the synchronous machine is connected to the AC system and is over excited it behaves like?
Explanation: An over excited synchronous motor will act as a source of the reactive power. Explanation: An over excited synchronous motor will act as a source of the reactive power and it will operate at leading pf. Explanation: An under excited synchronous motor will act as a source of the reactive power.
What are the advantages of synchronous motor?
The advantages of the synchronous motor are the ease with which the power factor can be controlled and the constant rotational speed of the machine, irrespective of the applied load. Synchronous motors, however, are generally more expensive and a d.c. supply is a necessary feature of the rotor excitation.
How does a synchronous motor start?
The motor is first started as a slip ring induction motor. The resistance is gradually cut-off as the motor gains speed. When it achieves near synchronous speed, DC excitation is given to the rotor, and it is pulled into synchronism. Then it starts rotating as a synchronous motor.
Why is excitation always DC?
The primary reason lies in the principle of operation of Synchronous machines. The rotor acts as an electromagnet with a constant flux and gets interlocked with the rotating flux of stator to provide a constant speed rotation. The rotor needs to have a constant flux and that’s why the dc excitation is provided.
Why are asynchronous motor frequently used?
This is the most common type of motor. In particular, an asynchronous motor with 3-phase is used in the industry due to the reasons like it is a low cost, maintenance is easy and simple. The performance of this motor is good to compare with the single-phase motor.
Why a synchronous motor is not self starting?
Above a certain size, synchronous motors are not self-starting motors. This property is due to the inertia of the rotor; it cannot instantly follow the rotation of the magnetic field of the stator. … Once the rotor nears the synchronous speed, the field winding is excited, and the motor pulls into synchronization.
What happens when motor load increases?
With increased load, the load resistance is less and the current increases. In a three-phase induction motor, the rotating magnetic field of the stator passing through the rotor conductors induces a current in the rotor conductors. … The amount of slip is proportional to the torque produced by the motor.
Why is excitation needed?
The excitation system is responsible for supplying the field current to the main rotor. The requirements of an excitation system include reliability under all conditions of service, a simplicity of control, ease of maintenance, stability and fast transient response.
How does excitation affect power factor?
A change in the excitation, thus, affects only the power factor of its output. … This reduces the terminal voltage slightly, so let the excitation of the first alternator be increased so as to bring the terminal voltage back to its original value.
What are the special applications of an over excited synchronous motor?
Application. An over-excited synchronous motor has a leading power factor. This makes it useful for power-factor correction of industrial loads. Both transformers and induction motors draw lagging (magnetising) currents from the line.
When a synchronous generator is over excited it will be?
Given synchronous generator operating at lagging power factor i.e, an inductive load should be connected so that the machine will generate reactive power to lagging load. Synchronous Motor is over-excited therefore it is acting as a synchronous condenser.
What is synchronous speed?
: a definite speed for an alternating-current machine that is dependent on the frequency of the supply circuit because the rotating member passes one pair of poles for each alternation of the alternating current.