The rotating field speed depends on the number of magnetic poles in the stator and is referred to as the synchronous speed. Frequency refers to the power supply frequency (e.g. 60 Hz). The number of magnetic poles (or simply poles) is the principal design factor affecting speed in AC motors.
On which factor speed of DC motor depends?
The above equation shows that the speed depends upon the supply voltage V, the armature circuit resistance Ra, and the field flux Ф, which is produced by the field current. In practice, the variation of these three factors is used for speed control.
How can the speed of the motor be controlled?
Thus, the speed of a DC motor can be controlled in three ways: By varying the supply voltage. By varying the flux, and by varying the current through the field winding. By varying the armature voltage, and by varying the armature resistance.
What factors increase the speed of dc motor?
The speed of rotation of the coil in a D.C. motor can be increased by: (i) Increasing the strength of the current, (ii) Having more turns in the coil, (iii) Increasing the area of the coil, (iv) By increasing the strength of the magnetic field.
What is the speed of dc motor?
DC controls adjust speed by varying the voltage sent to the motor (this differs from AC motor controls which adjust the line frequency to the motor). Typical no load or synchronous speeds for an AC fractional horsepower motor are 1800 or 3600 rpm, and 1000-5000 rpm for DC fractional hp motors.
How do you slow down a 12v DC fan?
Get a three 1.8 ohm 2 watt resistors, connect them in parallel and put them in series with your fan (put them in the air stream of the fan to help cool them). That should slow your fan down and reduce the load.
How do you increase motor speed?
Increasing the speed can be achieved by increasing the supply frequency as the speed and frequency are directly proportional; however, there are two constraints.
How do you reduce the speed of an AC motor?
AC motors are constant speed devices but their speed can vary if you change the input voltage or frequency or the windings that make the motor rotate. The most common and efficient way of changing the speed is to vary the frequency by using an inverter as the power supply.
Can we control the speed of DC motor?
Thus, the speed of a DC motor can control in three ways: By varying the flux, and by varying the current through field winding. By varying the armature voltage, and the armature resistance.
What is the maximum speed of dc motor?
The nominal maximum speed and power are 24000 RPM and 0.815 HP.
Does current affect motor speed?
The speed of a motor is determined by the voltage and the torque by the current. If a motor is running at a certain speed with a constant torque and the load increases, the current will increase and so also the torque to maintain the same speed.
When the speed of DC motor is increased?
The speed of a dc motor is changed by changing the current in the field or by changing the current in the armature. When the field current is decreased, the field flux is reduced, and the counter emf decreases. This permits more armature current. Therefore, the motor speeds up.
What is the principle of DC motor?
DC motors operate on Faraday’s principle of electromagnetism which states that a current-carrying conductor experiences a force when placed in a magnetic field.
What are the 3 types of DC motors?
Types of DC Motors. There are 3 main types of DC motor that are available:- Series, Shunt and Compound. These terms relate to the type of connection of the field windings with respect to the armature circuit.
How can we increase the rpm of dc motor?
The speed of a DC motor can be increased by field weakening. Reducing the field strength is done by inserting resistance in series with a shunt field, or inserting resistances around a series-connected field winding, to reduce current in the field winding.