Induction motor works on the principle of induction i.e., when the power supply is given to the stator, it produces rotating magnetic field which gets induced in the rotor of induction motor causing rotor to rotate. As they run at Asynchronous speed they are called Asynchronous motor.
Is induction motor asynchronous?
An induction motor or asynchronous motor is an AC electric motor in which the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained by electromagnetic induction from the magnetic field of the stator winding. … An induction motor’s rotor can be either wound type or squirrel-cage type.
What is the difference between an induction motor and asynchronous motor?
All induction motors are asynchronous motors. The asynchronous nature of induction-motor operation comes from the slip between the rotational speed of the stator field and somewhat slower speed of the rotor. … It is also possible to find induction motors containing rotors made up of windings rather than a squirrel cage.
What is synchronous motor and asynchronous motor?
Synchronous motor is a machine whose rotor speed and the speed of the stator magnetic field is equal. Asynchronous motor is a machine whose rotor rotates at the speed less than the synchronous speed. … AC Induction Motor is known as the Asynchronous Motor. Synchronous motor does not have slip. The value of slip is zero.
What is the other name used for asynchronous motor?
An induction motor (also known as an asynchronous motor) is a commonly used AC electric motor. In an induction motor, the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained via electromagnetic induction from the rotating magnetic field of the stator winding.
Why do we use synchronous motors?
In higher power industrial sizes, the synchronous motor provides two important functions. First, it is a highly efficient means of converting AC energy to work. Second, it can operate at leading or unity power factor and thereby provide power-factor correction.
How does an induction motor start?
When the supply is connected to the stator of a three-phase induction motor, a rotating magnetic field is produced, and the rotor starts rotating and the induction motor starts. … At the time of starting, the motor slip is unity, and the starting current is very large.
Why are induction motors better?
The motor shaft rotates. Induction Motors induce the magnetic field within the rotor by implanting a short current in the squirrel cage. This concept effects higher losses in the rotor and causes higher heat and less efficiency. … Higher efficiency motors use copper because of its better electromagnetic behaviour.
What are the types of motors?
Types of Electric Motors
- 1). DC Shunt Motor. …
- 2). Separately Excited Motor. …
- 3). DC Series Motor. …
- 4). PMDC Motor. …
- 5). DC Compound Motor. …
- 1). Synchronous Motor. …
- 2). Induction Motor. …
- 1). Stepper Motor.
How do you know if a motor is synchronous?
The frequency of the power supply and the number of poles of the machine determine the synchronous speed. A synchronous motor is one in which the rotor turns at the same speed as the rotating magnetic field in the stator.
What does synchronous mean?
1 : happening, existing, or arising at precisely the same time. 2 : recurring or operating at exactly the same periods. 3 : involving or indicating synchronism.
Which is better induction motor or synchronous motor?
No starting mechanism is required in induction motors. The power factor of a synchronous motor can be adjusted to lagging, unity or leading by varying the excitation, whereas, an induction motor always runs at lagging power factor. Synchronous motors are generally more efficient than induction motors.
What does asynchronous mean?
1 : not simultaneous or concurrent in time : not synchronous asynchronous sound.
Which motor is used in industry?
Different industrial motor types
The six most common motor types, which fit the vast majority of applications, are brushless and brush dc motors, ac squirrel cage and wound rotor motors, and servo and stepper motors.
Why starter is used in induction motor?
The three phase induction motors are self-starting due to rotating magnetic field. But the motors show tendency to draw very high current at the time of starting. … Hence there should be a device which can limit such high starting current. Such a device which limits high starting current is called a starter.